Anthropogenic emissions in Nigeria and implications for atmospheric ozone...

Marais, E. A., D. J. Jacob, K. Wecht, C. Lerot, L. Zhang, K. Yu, T. Kurosu, K. Chance, and B. Sauvage (2014), Anthropogenic emissions in Nigeria and implications for atmospheric ozone pollution: A view from space, Atmos. Environ., 99, 32-40, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.09.055.

Nigeria has a high population density and large fossil fuel resources but very poorly managed energy infrastructure. Satellite observations of formaldehyde (HCHO) and glyoxal (CHOCHO) reveal very large sources of anthropogenic nonmethane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) from the Lagos megacity and oil/gas operations in the Niger Delta. This is supported by aircraft observations over Lagos and satellite observations of methane in the Niger Delta. Satellite observations of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) show large seasonal emissions from open fires in DecembereFebruary (DJF). Ventilation of central Nigeria is severely restricted at that time of year, leading to very poor ozone air quality as observed from aircraft (MOZAIC) and satellite (TES). Simulations with the GEOS-Chem chemical transport model (CTM) suggest that maximum daily 8-h average (MDA8) ozone exceeds 70 ppbv over the region on a seasonal mean basis, with significant contributions from both open fires (15 e20 ppbv) and fuel/industrial emissions (7e9 ppbv). The already severe ozone pollution in Nigeria could worsen in the future as a result of demographic and economic growth, although this would be offset by a decrease in open fires.

PDF of Publication: 
Download from publisher's website.