Associated content: 

Rainfall observations by the airborne dual-frequency precipitation radar during CAMEX-4

Im, E., et al. (2002), Rainfall observations by the airborne dual-frequency precipitation radar during CAMEX-4, Proc. 2002 IGARSS, Toronto, ON, Canada, IEEE, 281-283.

Nonspherical and spherical characterization of ice in Hurricane Erin for wideband passive microwave comparisons

Microphysics of Maritime Tropical Convective Updrafts at Temperatures from -20 to -60C

Heymsfield, A., et al. (2009), Microphysics of Maritime Tropical Convective Updrafts at Temperatures from -20 to -60C, J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 3530-3562, doi:10.1175/2009JAS3107.1.

Lidar Atmosphere Sensing Experiment

The Differential Absorption Lidar uses the backscatter of two simultaneous laser wavelengths through zenith and nadir windows to measure the vertical profiles of H2O and aerosols/clouds.

NASA's Lidar Atmospheric Sensing Experiment (LASE) system is an airborne DIAL (Differential Absorption Lidar) system used to measure water vapor, aerosols, and clouds throughout the troposphere. LASE probes the atmosphere using lasers to transmit light in the 815-nm absorption band of water vapor. Pulses of laser light are fired vertically below the aircraft. A small fraction of the transmitted laser light is reflected from the atmosphere back to the aircraft and collected with a telescope receiver. The received light indicates the amount of water vapor along the path of the laser beam.

Instrument Type: 
Point(s) of Contact: 
Syed Ismail (Prev PI)

High Volume Precipitation Spectrometer

SPEC previously built the Version 1 and Version 2 HVPS probes that have now been discontinued due to obsolete parts and significant advances in technology. The HVPS-3 uses the same 128-photodiode array and electronics that are used in the 2D-S and 2D-128 probes. The optics are configured for 150 micron pixel resolution, resulting in a maximum field of view of 1.92 cm (i.e., particles up to 1.92 cm are completely imaged, although even larger particles can be sized in the direction of flight).

Sample volume of the HVPS-3 is 400 L s-1 at 100 m s-1. The 2D-S or 2D-128 and HVPS make an excellent pair of probes that completely image particles from 10 microns to 1.92 cm.

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NOAA Lyman-Alpha Total Water Hygrometer

Total water is measured in situ as vapor with a Lyman-Alpha hygrometer. High ambient sample flows through a closed cell minimize the effect of trapped water. Lyman-a light (121.6 nm) photodissociates water to produce an excited OH radical. The fluorescence from this radical at 309 nm is detected with a phototube and counting system. At aircraft pressures the fluorescence signal is quenched by air which gives a signal that is proportional to mixing ratio. The Lyman-Alpha radiation produced with a DC-discharge lamp is monitored with an iodine ionization cell that is sensitive from 115 nm to 135 nm. Calibration occurs in flight by injecting water vapor directly into the ambient sample flow.

Point(s) of Contact: 


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