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From left: Greg Bantilan & Frank Lightbourn

From left: Xiaoli Shen, Justin Jacquot, Mike Kapitzke & Dan Cziczo

Mike (Litch) Litchfield, Yaowei Li, Xiaoli Shen, Dan Cziczo & Justin Jacquot

Justin Jacquot, Xiaoli Shen & Dan Cziczo

From left: Dan Heckel & Ali Ma

Justin Jacquot, Dan Czizco, Mike Kapitzke, and Tyler Latsha

A-SMLS in spearpod mounted on ER-2

A-SMLS in spearpod mounted on ER-2

Air-LUSI Lunar Irradiance Spectrum

Airborne Lunar Spectral Irradiance

Air-LUSI makes highly-accurate, SI-traceable measurements of lunar spectral irradiance.  These measurements can be used to validate or adjust current models of lunar spectral irradiance used for calibration Earth observing satellites.  Air-LUSI is initially being used to address the current 5-10% uncertainty in knowledge of exo-atmospheric spectral lunar irradiance. Improved lunar spectral irradiance model accuracy will help satellite instruments to use the Moon as an absolute calibration reference, greatly improving the versitility and speed of on-orbit satellite calibration.  Air-LUSI has two main subsystems:

  • IRIS - IRradiance Instrument Subsystem is a non-imaging telescope with an integrating sphere feeding light via fiber optics to a spectrometer.
  • ARTEMIS - Autonomous, Robotic TElescope Mount Instrument Subsystem keeps telescope fixed on the Moon to within less than 0.1°.  This system uses a tracking camera on the telescope and control computer.

We are targeting lunar phases withing 5° to 90° of the Full Moon.  Air-LUSI measurements lunar spectral irradiance with spectral resolution of 3.7 nm with 0.8 nm sampling from 300 nm to 1100 nm, with accuracy target of better than 1% (k=1).  Future system performance will include measurements out to 2500 nm with ≤ 10 nm resolution.  Demonstration flights with the Air-LUSI provided an unprecedented sub-percent level of accuracy <0.8% (k=1) relative uncertainty from 400 nm to 950 nm.  Future measurement accuracy is expected to be <0.5% (k=1).

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