The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Microwave Imager (GMI): Instrument...

Draper, D. W., D. A. Newell, F. J. Wentz, S. Krimchansky, and G. S. Jackson (2015), The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Microwave Imager (GMI): Instrument Overview and Early On-Orbit Performance, IEEE Journal Of Selected Topics In Applied Earth Observations And Remote Sensing, 8, 3452-3462, doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2403303.

The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission is an international satellite mission that uses measurements from an advanced radar/radiometer system on a core observatory as reference standards to unify and advance precipitation estimates made by a constellation of research and operational microwave sensors. The GPM core observatory was launched on February 27, 2014 at 18:37 UT in a 65◦ inclination nonsun-synchronous orbit. GPM focuses on precipitation as a key component of the Earth’s water and energy cycle, and has the capability to provide near-real-time observations for tracking severe weather events, monitoring freshwater resources, and other societal applications. The GPM microwave imager (GMI) on the core observatory provides the direct link to the constellation radiometer sensors, which fly mainly in polar orbits. The GMI sensitivity, accuracy, and stability play a crucial role in unifying the measurements from the GPM constellation of satellites. The instrument has exhibited highly stable operations through the duration of the calibration/validation period. This paper provides an overview of the GMI instrument and a report of early on-orbit commissioning activities. It discusses the on-orbit radiometric sensitivity, absolute calibration accuracy, and stability for each radiometric channel.

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Global Precipitation Measurement