Diode Laser Hygrometer (DLH)


Operated By: 

The DLH has been successfully flown during many previous field campaigns on several aircraft, most recently ACTIVATE (Falcon); FIREX-AQ, ATom, KORUS-AQ, and SEAC4RS (DC-8); POSIDON (WB-57); CARAFE (Sherpa); CAMP2Ex and DISCOVER-AQ (P-3); and ATTREX (Global Hawk). This sensor measures water vapor (H2O(v)) via absorption by one of three strong, isolated spectral lines near 1.4 μm and is comprised of a compact laser transceiver and a sheet of high grade retroflecting road sign material to form the optical path. Optical sampling geometry is aircraft-dependent, as each DLH instrument is custom-built to conform to aircraft geometric constraints. Using differential absorption detection techniques, H2O(v) is sensed along the external path negating any potential wall or inlet effects inherent in extractive sampling techniques. A laser power normalization scheme enables the sensor to accurately measure water vapor even when flying through clouds. An algorithm calculates H2O(v) concentration based on the differential absorption signal magnitude, ambient pressure, and temperature, and spectroscopic parameters found in the literature and/or measured in the laboratory. Preliminary water vapor mixing ratio and derived relative humidities are provided in real-time to investigators.

Instrument Type: 
Recent Missions: 
SARP 2024 (P-3 Orion - WFF); ASIA-AQ (DC-8 - AFRC); AEROMMA (DC-8 - AFRC); ARCSIX (P-3 Orion - WFF); IMPACTS (P-3 Orion - WFF); ACCLIP (WB-57 - JSC)
Complete mission list:
Point(s) of Contact: 
Glenn S. Diskin (POC; PI), Glen Sachse (Prev PI), Joshua P. DiGangi (Co-I), John B. Nowak (Co-I), Yonghoon Choi (Co-I)