Characterizing response versus scan-angle for MODIS reflective solar bands...

The core information for this publication's citation.: 
Bhatt, R., D. R. Doelling, A. Angal, X. Xiong, B. Scarino, A. Gopalan, C. Haney, and A. Wu (2017), Characterizing response versus scan-angle for MODIS reflective solar bands using deep convective clouds, Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 11, 16014, doi:10.1117/1.JRS.11.016014.
Abstract: 

MODIS consists of a cross-track, two-sided scan mirror, whose reflectance is not uniform but is a function of angle of incidence (AOI). This feature, known as response versus scan-angle (RVS), was characterized for all reflective solar bands of both MODIS instruments prior to launch. The RVS characteristic has changed on orbit, which must be tracked precisely over time to ensure the quality of MODIS products. The MODIS characterization support team utilizes the onboard calibrators and the earth view responses from multiple pseudoinvariant desert sites to track the RVS changes at different AOIs. The drawback of using deserts is the assumption that these sites are radiometrically stable during the monitoring period. In addition, the 16-day orbit repeat cycle of MODIS allows for only a limited set of AOIs over a given desert. We propose a novel and robust approach of characterizing the MODIS RVS using tropical deep convective clouds (DCC). The method tracks the monthly DCC response at specified sets of AOIs to compute the temporal RVS changes. Initial results have shown that the Aqua-MODIS collection 6 band 1 level 1B radiances show considerable residual RVS
dependencies, with long-term drifts up to 2.3% at certain AOIs.

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Research Program: 
Radiation Science Program (RSP)
Mission: 
CLARREO